Yili Xia, Cyrus Jahanchahi, Tohru Nitta, Danilo P. Mandic, Performance Bounds of Quaternion Estimators, , IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, Vol. 26, Iss. 12, pp. 3287-3292, (2015), DOI: 10.1109/TNNLS.2015.2388782
Abstract: The quaternion widely linear (WL) estimator has been recently introduced for optimal second-order modeling of the generality of quaternion data, both second-order circular (proper) and second-order noncircular (improper). Experimental evidence exists of its performance advantage over the conventional strictly linear (SL) as well as the semi-WL (SWL) estimators for improper data. However, rigorous theoretical and practical performance bounds are still missing in the literature, yet this is crucial for the development of quaternion valued learning systems for 3-D and 4-D data. To this end, based on the orthogonality principle, we introduce a rigorous closed-form solution to quantify the degree of performance benefits, in terms of the mean square error, obtained when using the WL models. The cases when the optimal WL estimation can simplify into the SWL or the SL estimation are also discussed.
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